This article is written according to the legal status current as of: 2017-01-05


Who is a nanny?

A nanny (a child-minder or childcare worker) is a natural person who provides care for one or more children in a family, on the basis of a service contract that is subject to the Civil Code. A service contract with a nanny has been dubbed into an “activating contract”. It is concluded between the nanny and the child’s parents.

Is a nanny subject to obligatory insurance?

A nanny is obligatorily subject to old age pension, disability insurance as well as health insurance. The insurance covers also students and pupils who are under 26 years of age. This is the premiums payer that registers the nanny with the Social Insurance Institution (ZUS).

Who is obliged to pay the social insurance premiums?

ZUS pays the premiums if the following requirements are jointly met:

  • a nanny was registered for insurance by the parent,
  • parents, or a parent who maintain single-handedly a child, are employed, perform other paid work or run a business activity (when they lose employment or stop performing other paid work or running a business activity, the Social Insurance Office pays the social insurance premiums for another three months),
  • a child does not attend a crèche or local children’s club, nor a daycare worker takes care of it

ZUS does not pay the premiums if:

  • a child’s parent is entitled to contribution reduction on the basis of an activation employment contract, referred to in Art. 61c of the Act of 20 April 2004 on Employment Promotion and Labour Market Institutions in the version that was binding before October 26, 2007, concluded with an unemployed person in order to perform work in a private household,
  • an “activating contract” has been concluded between a nanny and professional foster parents.

The premiums payer does not have to:

  • submit a declaration form and personal monthly reports for the next month if he pledged in last declaration form that the nanny will not earn more than the minimum remuneration for work,
  • submit a declaration form when a change in relation to the previous month is only due to the change of the minimum or average remuneration for work. 


Remember! All the materials posted on the portal www.zielonalinia.gov.pl have been drawn up by the editorial group and are for your information. The editors have put a considerable effort to make the provided information accurate and reliable. However, the information does not constitute a binding interpretation of the law.